The Anti-Mullerian (AMH) is a protein hormone produced by the cells in the ovaries. The more ovarian follicles (a sac containing an immature egg) a woman has, the more AMH hormone her ovaries will produce. Measuring the levels of this hormone in a woman’s blood can be a good way of measuring her ovarian reserve – a concept that determines fertility by the number of eggs available in the ovaries.
An anti-mullerian hormone test (AMH) is a marker for ovarian egg reserve assessed via a blood test. As your AMH levels do not change during your menstrual cycle, the test can be taken at any time of the month – even if you are taking oral contraception.
You should consider getting an AMH test if:
A normal result means that your ovarian reserve is working properly. If your AMH levels are normal and you still haven’t had success in getting pregnant, you may need further tests to determine the problem. It may just be down to your overall lifestyle, so improving your nutrition, exercise and relaxation can help.
If you have a high AMH level, it means that you have too many small follicles, which is usually an indicator of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
If the test reveals that you have low AMH levels, you are likely to respond poorly to the medication involved in conventional IVF. Natural IVF and Modified IVF can be a more suitable treatment for those with a low ovarian reserve. If you would like to learn more about your options with fertility treatment, get in touch with our expert fertility team.
A woman is born with all the eggs she will ever have, which is typically around 1-2 million. By puberty, its usually halved – and every month after than she loses up to 1,000 eggs. Of those eggs, only one (or two) is matured and ovulated each month. Not only does ageing mean fewer eggs, but egg quality is also diminished over time. This is a result of the exposure to illness, toxins, free radicals, fever and more throughout her life – damaging the DNA inside her eggs. It is a natural and inevitable part of ageing.
A woman’s chance of natural pregnancy drops from around 25% at age 25 to less than 5% at the age of 40.
A low AMH level means you have a low ovarian reserve but doesn’t mean that you are not able to conceive naturally. Unfortunately, there is no way to increase your AMH levels – but if you are trying to conceive naturally, there are some things you can do to increase your chances of becoming pregnant.